Opacity#2, è un dispositivo di relazione che mira, legando i formati di un talk\conferenza, performance e installazione, ad una analisi e discussione condivisa, assieme al pubblico, di una serie di rappresentazioni classiche e contemporanee legate al corpo e alla definizione delle “alterità”, i cui confini, secondo un’impostazione culturale modernista, hanno segnato fino a ieri la soglia del perturbante e dell’impenetrabile esotismo, e che oggi sono stati aggiornati secondo una nevrotica ricerca di “trasparenza” nella definizione delle identità. Opacity#2 è pensata dunque come una camera-bottega della recente ricerca artistica del gruppo Chiasma che muove da una rilettura critica di uno dei titoli cardine del repertorio della danza accademica italiana: il Gran Ballo Excelsior.
Salvo Lombardo presenta a Short Theatre 2020 anche Jungle Soul, in programma il 4, 5 e 6 settembre.
Salvo Lombardo, performer, coreografo e regista multimediale. La sua ricerca artistica, assieme a quella del gruppo Chiasma, si muove tra la danza, il teatro e le arti visive, con particolare attenzione ai linguaggi della video arte; i suoi lavori sono ospitati in molti teatri e festival sia in Italia che all’estero. Tra le principali recenti collaborazioni quella con il Theatre National de Chaillot (FR), Festival Oriente Occidente, Fabbrica Europa, Romaeuropa Festival, Aura international Dance Festival (LT), Attakkalari Dance Festival (IN), Short theatre, Teatro di Roma, Scenario pubblico, ATER, Piemonte dal vivo, Teatri di Vetro, Attraversamenti Multipli, Festival Corpi in Movimento, Versiliadanza e Lavanderia a Vapore. Nel 2019 ha fondato e co-curato con Viviana Gravano e Giulia Grechi Resurface_festival di sguardi post coloniali a Roma e dal 2020 è artista associato alla Lavanderia a Vapore di Collegno \ Fondazione Piemonte dal vivo.
di Salvo Lombardo
ottimizzazione del suono Fabrizio Alviti
consulenza culturale Viviana Gravano
produzione Chiasma Roma con il sostegno di MiBAC – Ministero Beni e Attività Culturali e del turismo
in collaborazione con Versiliadanza, Firenze; Spellbound Contemporar
Ballet, Roma; ACS Abruzzo; Triangolo Scaleno Teatro
© Margherità Masè
Notes on Short Theatre 2020
What else is your work about, besides what is already told in the synopsis?
To better describe these two works that I am presenting at Short Theatre, I need to contextualize them within a wider path and research that I have been carrying out together with Chiasma for several years and whose “productivity” shows no signs of slowing down, hand in hand to the increasingly visible emerging of those nodes and questions, political and social, which feed this process. Opacity#2 (like the other volumes of the Opacity cycle) and Jungle Soul are part of the larger project L’esemplare capovolto, which originates from a research and a rereading through the lens of postcolonial studies and decolonial practices of a famous work of the Italian academic dance, the Gran Ballo Excelsior (1881). Starting from 2018, the project began to come to life and to constitute itself as a “performative atlas” rather rich in “tables” (a sort of Menomosyne à la Warburg) which is divided, in this case, into a series of artistic formats including performances, installations, workshops, theoretical interventions, round tables, debates, video projections, publications, and even a festival (named Resurface) which on the one hand is conceived as an extension of our research on postcolonial issues and on the other as a “sprawling” organism, eager to activate substantially multimedia and polycentric interactions, collaborations and grafts and therefore open to the gaze and practices of other artists and theorists.
Both Jungle soul and Opacity#2, although using very different languages, propose points of view and modes of interaction that probably ask viewers to focus and deconstruct those ethnocentric imaginaries that the so-called West has built and affirmed above those it considered and classified as “Others”. Both works are an invitation to “keep in touch with the problem” (as Donna Haraway would say); an invitation to question and overturn, in fact, those representations of the body and those racialized imaginaries who flatten any culture of differences, determining a fixed and universalistic character of the very concept of identity and orienting any form of ontology with imaginative oppression, through the tyranny of the visible. The opacity evoked by these works would be an alternative to the neurotic need for definitions, for stable, unitary identity boundaries, as a critique of the excessive power of “transparency”.
Who or what—real or imaginary, present, past or future—do you think contributed to the creation of this work?
It was 2013. I was studying at university for the Aesthetics of dance exam, which then – ça va sans dire – meant nothing more than a meticulous acquisition of erudite notions, as well as nostalgic of dusty virtuosity, just within the sphere of academic dance. In any case, I came across the study of one of the pivotal titles, a monster show, of the exquisitely Italian tradition of the 19th century, Il Gran Ballo Excelsior (1881). As I analyzed its aesthetics, in fact, I realized how this work was imbued with exquisitely colonial postures, with racialized imaginaries cloaked in mainstream exoticism, and at the same time I noticed how all the literature that supported it (and argues) the good name, was mostly animated by philological reasons, while the cultural frame was always framed in rather aseptic, although punctual, historiographic terms. Yet those of Excelsior were the years in which the imagination of the Universal Expositions was established, born to celebrate and exalt the achievements of progress, the industrial revolution, colonial imperialism and the affirmation of the concept of national identity and invention – at least for Italy – of an indigenous cultural tradition and its own imaginary of reference. These were the years in which the real process of “cultural” unification was to be established, according to the famous motto: “Made Italy, you had to be Italian”. Then, when I read the opening words of the libretto by the author of the ballet, Luigi Manzotti, which says: “[…] It is the titanic struggle sustained by Progress against the Regression that I present to this intelligent audience: it is the greatness of Civilization that wins, overthrows, destroys, for the good of the people, the ancient power of Darkness that kept them in the darkness of servitude and ignominy […] “, I became convinced of how unusual it was that no one (except the isolated case, I later discovered, of Prof. Sergia Adamo) had ever observed and analyzed that object as a sort of programmatic manifesto of a national superiority. I became aware of how much that work, and its narratives, were imbued with “popular innocence”, monumental ambitions, colorful images and bodies, eclectic architecture, pharaonic visions and kitsch and “meatball” dances; of how much the prodromes of a sovereign sentiment and its reference imaginaries were present there. It all seemed sadly current and I found it embarrassing – but I soon understood why – it sounded so heretical to subject that object to the scrutiny of postcolonial theories. From there, the project The inverted specimen was born, together with the desire to juxtapose new signs and inscriptions, even on this type of (immaterial) monuments, in the impossibility of being able to tear them down.
What do you imagine you will say about this work in fifteen years time? Would you ever have imagined making such work fifteen years ago?
15 years ago when I was just 19 I would not have been able to think of my work in current terms, perhaps I had not yet clear for example how much artistic work and political exercise were related. Those for me were the years of artistic training in which usually prevails the expectation that tells you that you must first learn to draw well a “O” with a glass, while the things pass in front of you, the world is shaking and you are there as if anesthetized to acquire techniques. In 15 years, however, when I will talk about this work, I would like to be able to do it from a position of definitive overcoming of the problems and knots that generated it.
I like to imagine that future so near as a long wave, a natural propagation of my way of being in the world today so alert. And at the same time I would like to think that we could have turned our gaze elsewhere and that the struggles will have become so plural, supportive and multispecies that I feel legitimated as well as positioned in 15 years to activate artistic processes even if I don’t know the motion of crabs or the trails of snails.